How to get health insurance if self employed

Whether you’re a gig, self-employed, independent contractor, or just self-employed, at some point you’ll likely need to navigate the enrollment process for health insurance coverage independently. With so many providers, policies, rules, and payment options to consider, finding the best health insurance as a self-employed person can be complicated. Read on to learn how to make your health insurance enrollment experience easier.

Do freelancers need health insurance?

Like employees, the self-employed can benefit from health insurance coverage. Of course, not paying for insurance may be less expensive in the short term, but people without insurance are only one illness or injury away from catastrophic financial consequences.

Reading: How to get health insurance if self employed

Experts recommend comprehensive health insurance for all adults, as paying out of pocket can lead to medical debt. by spending a single night in a hospital, for example, uninsured patients can owe more than $10,000. What’s more, studies show that people without health insurance tend to make important health care decisions based on money and, as a result, often face poorer health outcomes, particularly when foregoing preventive care adequate.

Who is considered self-employed?

while most US workers. adults receive health insurance through their employers, this arrangement may be declining due to rising health care costs. The types of workers who typically seek coverage on their own are also a broad group, including (but not limited to):

  • people who work for large companies or groups but aren’t technically employees, such as consultants, doctors, real estate agents, and lawyers
  • freelancers, such as freelance writers, contract tradesmen (electricians, plumbers, etc.), and sole proprietors of businesses
  • Top Health Insurance Options and Considerations for Self-Employed People

    If you don’t have employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) or access to an employed spouse or parent’s plan, consider the options below.

    federal or state market

    Created by the Affordable Care Act in 2010, the federal government’s health insurance marketplace is a central hub for comprehensive, non-ESI insurance. While the larger program makes it easy to buy and enroll in private plans through websites, call centers, and in-person help, most people identify it by its main web portal: healthcare.gov. all plans in the marketplace are “qualified health plans” (qhps), which means they must cover medical services the government deems “essential” and cannot impose annual or lifetime limits on coverage.

    Meanwhile, each state has an official health insurance exchange for its residents. In most states, the federal healthcare.gov site fills this role, but some states operate separate platforms. This healthcare.gov page provides an up-to-date list of exchange websites for each state. Open enrollment begins each year on November 1, with the next period running through January 15, 2023, for most of the country. certain states extend this enrollment period.

    federal programs for qualified applicants


    This needs-based assistance program provides free coverage to approximately 74 million Americans and can be a strong insurance option for qualified self-employed workers. participation is largely based on income; In most states, Medicaid is available to those living below 138% of the federal poverty level, although disability and children are also factors. Anyone can explore eligibility through healthcare.gov, and enrollment is open year-round.

    See also: How Much Do Employers Pay For Health Insurance? | eHealth


    medicare is a federally administered insurance option primarily for the us. uu. adults older than 65 years. Beneficiaries typically pay monthly premiums based on their individual plan and tax history, but some costs are offset by taxpayer funding. Like Medicaid, Medicare is a common way for people who qualify to get coverage without an employer. medicare.gov offers more information about program components and enrollment instructions.

    military programs

    tricare is the government’s health care program for military service members and their families. Applicants can find plan options and other resources on the TriCare website and can check eligibility through the MilConnect website. Veterans can also apply to enroll in VA’s year-round coverage programs, which can be supplemented by private insurance or federal programs, including TriCare.

    short-term medical plans

    Short-term medical plans can be helpful in transitioning to self-employment and managing gaps between plans. they offer affordable but less comprehensive coverage and work best for healthy people at low risk of experiencing a health-related event. recent policy changes to the stm plan increased its potential duration from a few months to more than a year.

    STM plans are not required to cover ACA essential health benefits, typically excluding coverage for preventive care, mental health care, and prescription drugs. Considered “junk insurance” by some, these plans are criticized for low levels of protection, restrictive maximum coverage limits, and discrimination against people with pre-existing conditions. STM plan regulations differ by state, with 12 states prohibiting them entirely.

    limited benefit plans

    Limited benefit plans also offer reduced coverage at a lower price. These plans don’t cover all essential health benefits, making them best for supplementing existing insurance, especially plans with high deductibles or minimal coverage. this category includes critical illness or accident plans, which cover a predetermined list of health problems, and indemnity plans, which share costs more significantly with the patient. Meanwhile, high-deductible catastrophic health plans cover essential benefits but still offer more limited coverage in exchange for low monthly premiums.

    other ways to find coverage

    membership organizations

    Professional or trade organizations, such as unions and guilds, often offer group plans for members, which can be an effective low-cost option for self-employed individuals. Membership organizations like AARP also offer access to specific plans, as do many student colleges and universities. group plan access through an organization tends to work very similarly to many esi plans.

    talk to an agent or broker

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    Agents and brokers can be helpful resources and can direct people to the most suitable option from a particular provider. insurance companies hire or rely on independent agents to sell plans, while brokers help customers navigate the market. both tend to operate on commission from the insurance companies whose product they sell. Healthcare.gov’s local help search tool can help you locate agents, brokers, and “navigators” (marketplace-funded assistants) in your area.

    Direct enrollment and private exchanges

    It is possible, though not always recommended, to purchase a plan directly from an insurance company or a private online exchange. These types of “direct enrollment sites” have recently become legal, allowing insurance companies and brokers in many states to enroll customers through private websites. These services offer ease and simplicity in finding a plan, but their benefit to the self-employed is less clear than the benefit to people with ESI. what’s more, private exchanges don’t show all the options that may exist on the market, and plans don’t have to be compatible with aca. Your recommendations may also be influenced by the commission rates for those who make the sales.


    The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, or Cobra, allows workers and their families to remain in an employer-sponsored group plan for up to 18 months after it would have otherwise expired. It’s expensive but can help in certain situations, including transitioning from a job with ESI to self-employment. to qualify, the lapsed plan must already be covered by cobra and the insured party must experience a change in eligibility that meets certain criteria, such as the covered employee’s death, divorce, or job loss.

    shared health care ministries (hcsms)

    hcsms is intended to help cover health care costs for members of a faith-based organization who lack esi. these services are not really insurance and have significant limitations. paying does not guarantee coverage, and hcsms is not required to cover essential benefits or people with pre-existing conditions. Many plans also require you to meet certain “lifestyle requirements” to participate, such as refraining from alcohol, tobacco, or other activities considered “high risk.”

    How much does self-employment health insurance cost?

    The cost of health insurance can be daunting and difficult to predict, especially for the self-employed. The main costs of a plan include its premium (the monthly charge for coverage) and its deductible (how much a patient covers before the insurance kicks in). when one is tall, the other tends to be short. Location, age, and tobacco use all play a role in how providers assess costs, but health status and medical history are no reason to charge lower for aca-compliant plans.

    Self-employed workers can treat health insurance as a business expense and deduct premiums from adjusted gross income, lowering tax bills or increasing your refund. many us adults also qualify for discounts on marketplace options and can use this calculator from healthcare.gov to gauge eligibility. meanwhile, healthcare.gov plans & amp; the pricing tool provides estimates based on one’s income for the costs of different insurance options.

    tips for freelancers to find better health insurance coverage

    The best policy is one that strikes a balance between premiums, deductibles and coverage that makes sense for the individual. When looking for such a plan, self-employed individuals should:

    See also: How to become insurance adjusters and claims examiners

    • Look for an insurer with a large network of providers and a customer-friendly claims process.
    • Research the options market before considering a broker or private exchange.
    • Consider joining an organization that offers group plans.
    • see if they qualify for premium tax credits and cost-sharing reductions, which can make a big difference in affordability, and for programs like medicaid and the children’s health insurance program (chip).
    • Check your eligibility for a special enrollment period (based on qualifying events) or year-round enrollment (based on income) instead of waiting until November 1.
    • Treat insurance as an investment in financial wellness, not just health. While the vast majority of uninsured American adults cite high costs as the main reason they lack coverage, out-of-pocket medical bills are the leading cause of bankruptcy for American consumers.
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